Montgomery County Public Schools recognizes 13 various disability categories.
- Autism- A child may be found eligible for special education and related services as a child with autism if there is an adverse effect on the child's educational performance due to documented characteristics of autism spectrum disorder. Click here for Autism Criteria Worksheet.
- Emotional Disability- The federal and state regulations define emotional disability as a condition exhibiting one or more of the following characteristics over a long period of time and to a marked degree, which adversely affects educational performance:
- An inability to learn which cannot be explained by intellectual, sensory, or health factors;
- An inability to build or maintain satisfactory interpersonal relationships with peers and teachers;
- Inappropriate types of behavior or feelings under normal circumstances;
- A general pervasive mood of unhappiness or depression; or
- A tendency to develop physical symptoms or fears associated with personal or school problems.
Click here for Emotional Disability Criteria Worksheet.
- Intellectual Disabilities- A child may be found eligible for special education and related services as a child with an intellectual disability if there is an adverse effect on the child's educational performance due to documented characteristics of intellectual disabilities which are described as a significantly sub average general intellectual functioning, existing concurrently with deficits in adaptive behavior and manifested during the developmental period. Click here for Intellectual Disabilities Criteria Worksheet.
- Learning Disability- "Specific learning disability" means a disorder in one or more of the basic psychological processes involved in understanding or in using language, spoken or written, that may manifest itself in an imperfect ability to listen, think, speak, read, write, spell or do mathematical calculations. Click here for Specific Learning Disability Criteria Worksheet.
- Multiple Disabilities- A child may be found eligible for special education and related services as a child with multiple disabilities if there is an adverse effect on the child's educational performance due to documented characteristics of multiple disabilities which are described as simultaneous impairments which cause such severe educational needs that they cannot be accommodated in special education programs solely for one of the impairments. Click here for Multiple Disabilities Criteria Worksheet.
- Other Health Impairment- According to IDEA, "other health impairment" means having limited strength, vitality or alertness. This includes a heightened alertness to environmental stimuli that results in limited alertness with respect to the educational environment and which adversely affects a child's educational performance. Click here for Other Health Impairment Criteria Worksheet.
- Orthopedic Impairment- A severe orthopedic impairment that adversely affects a child's educational performance. The term includes impairments caused by congenital anomaly, impairments caused by disease and impairments from other causes. Click here for Orthopedic Impairment Criteria Worksheet.
- Speech-Language Impairment- Speech-Language impairments can impact the way a student communicates. Speech errors include errors when producing specific sounds that are not a result of normal development or speech acquisition, dysfluency (stuttering), or motor speech issues. Students may also receive therapy for improving the understanding and use of spoken or written language, pragmatically, and meta-linguistics skills. Students with swallowing disorders or dysphasia can also receive services from speech-language pathologists in Virginia public schools. Click here for Speech-Language Impairment Criteria Worksheet.
- Traumatic Brain Injury- "Traumatic Brain Injury" means an acquired injury to the brain caused by an external physical force, resulting in total or partial functional disability or psychosocial impairment, or both, that adversely affects a child's educational performance. This does not apply to brain injuries that are congenital or degenerative, or to brain injuries induced by birth trauma. Click here for Traumatic Brain Injury Criteria Worksheet.
- Deaf-Blindness- Hearing and visual impairments occurring at the same time, the combination of which causes such severe communication and other developmental and educational needs that they cannot be accommodated in special education programs solely for children with deafness or children with blindness. Click here for Deaf-Blindness Criteria Worksheet.
- Deafness- A hearing impairment that is so severe that the child is impaired in processing linguistic information through hearing, with or without amplification, that adversely affects the child's educational performance. Click here for Deafness Criteria Worksheet.
- Hearing Impairment- Means an impairment in hearing, whether permanent or fluctuating, that adversely affects the child's educational performance but that is not included under the definition of deafness in this section. Click here for Hearing Impairment Criteria Worksheet.